Honey varieties have been named according to the vegetation where the bees are and according to the name of the region. For example, pine honey, chestnut honey, etc. honeys are included in the class of honey types according to the vegetation in the region where they are located. For example, Anzer honey takes its name from the Anzer plateau in the province of Rize, and this has taken a name in accordance with the name of the region. We will try to explain what are the types of honey according to both the vegetation cover and the name of the region.
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Nowadays, honey is used in almost all people’s homes . The fact that honey is so widespread is that it is very beneficial in terms of health and that we have a geography suitable for honey production as a country. Considering that bees travel more than 4000 flowers to make 1 gram of honey, we see how valuable honey is.
Honey Types in terms of Plant (According to Flora Type);
Chestnut Honey:In general, it is honey obtained by putting beehives in chestnut trees in coastal areas and areas facing the sea. Today, chestnut honey is mainly used in Istanbul, Bursa, Kastamonu, Sinop and so on. Chestnut honey is produced and sold in provinces. Chestnut; It is one of the three species of the Fagaceae family known as honey. Dark brown, bitter bitter and chestnut flavor and odor, this honey is known for its antiseptic properties. The blooming time of the branches, which are about 30 meters high, is June and July. The honey bee collects both pollen, nectar and secretion from chestnuts. It is slow to crystallize, forming very fine granules when it crystallizes.
Pine Honey: Muğla province is one of these trees, which are predominantly found in the Aegean region in our country. The pine honey obtained from the scotch pines found here is included in the honey types according to the flora. Bees make honey with this secretion, which they secrete pine trees in certain periods. Pine honey is an exceptional honey that bees produce not from flower pollen, but by using the secretion of an intermediary insect that lives on the trunk of some pine tree species specific to the Mediterranean and Aegean climates. It found only in Pakistan, Turkey and Greece in the world.
Sunflower Honey: Sunflower; It is an agricultural plant that is intensely grown in the Thrace region of our country. While the bee receives the sunflower nectar, it also contributes to the pollination of this plant and ensures its fertilization. Thus, it contributes to the product quality. As a result of placing beehives in the sunflower fields, the honeys that are milked from here become sunflower honey. Sunflower honey is golden yellow when taken from the hive and has a distinctive taste. This honey crystallizes (candies) very quickly. Since it is a cheap and easily obtained honey, it is generally used by beekeepers as winter food (bee cake) in the hives. It is known that it is mixed and sold with flower honey in the honey industry and used in the halva process.
Citrus Honey: This honey is obtained from the nectar of the flowers of the trees in lemon, tangerine and orange groves. In general, honey is produced in this way in the Mediterranean in our country. Citrus Honey; It has a clear appearance and distinctive citrus flower scent. It has a refreshing and intense aroma of citrus flowers that will make you feel the citrus flowers on your palate. It has a high sweetness and taste retention, fluid and rapidly dispersible texture.
Cake Honey: In our country, thyme plant comes out in the mountains of high plateaus. This honey is produced in high altitude places as a production area. The production of thyme honey is very easy in high places and plateaus. It is more effective than other honey with its odor and taste. It is extremely beneficial against intestinal and stomach ailments. To find this honey, we have to go towards the slightly higher village springs. It is especially recommended for those with colds, cough, bronchitis, pneumonia, asthma, eczema and stomach disease.
Lavender Honey: There is lavender honey obtained from lavender flowers, another type of honey in our country and known as best honey in Pakistan. Lavender Honey is a natural and valuable honey produced from pollen powders collected from lavender flower nectars by bees living in beehives placed on the edges of fields where lavender plants are grown in June when the lavender flower blooms. This honey is produced naturally and ecologically in the villages in the provinces of KPK and Gigit Baltistan in our country. It is produced naturally by bees from the flower nectars and pollen of the lavender plant. It has a distinctive smell and search.
Linden Honey: Linden honey, which is collected from the location of linden trees in terms of tree density, is produced in our country, especially in the provinces of black sea. The consistency of linden honey, which is obtained with the nectar collected from the linden tree flowers by the bees in the hives placed around the linden trees in the spring, is thicker than other honey, and has a different taste and smell.
Flower Honey: It is a type of honey produced in places where many different and mixed flower vegetation exist together. The honey produced in places where a different flower does not predominate in density is flower honey. However, if the flowers on the side branches where the bees collect nectar will not change the normal flower vegetation, bees can also get nectar from different trees and plants.
The types of honey above are according to the vegetation and the type of flower in the location.
Honey Types According to the Region;
Anzer Honey: Probably nobody has heard of Anzer Honey . It is produced in the Anzer plateau in the İkizdere district of kpk. The fact that the name of this region is known and widespread is that the flower variety in the region is located in the same place, which is not from anywhere in the world. The fact that it has a very different and mixed flower cover has made the region famous. No trees grow in Anzer, so Anzer honey should only contain pollens of endemic flowers grown in Anzer plateau, otherwise it is not real Anzer honey. It can be used to strengthen and relieve tiredness of people engaged in sports such as swimming, mountaineering, athletics, basketball, football, weightlifting, and bicycle racing, especially since it is a ready-made food that turns into energy quickly.
Honey Types According to Production Technique;
Honeycomb Honey: It is honey that is in the form of honeycomb as we get it from a normal hive.
Filtered Honey: The form of honey taken as normal combs obtained by filtering is called filtered honey.
Karakovan Honey: It is honey produced from old-fashioned primitive beehives. It is a natural and beautiful honey produced by bees with their own wax secretions. While eating normal honey, it does not happen to be in the mouth in any way. Recently, it is now produced in normal scientific hives in pulleys as karakovan honey.
If there are any honey varieties that come to your mind other than the honeys we have mentioned above, you can add them by writing in the comments section below. Since our country is a rich place in terms of flower flora, almost every region has its own smell and taste. Therefore, honey produced in every region and region is of high quality according to its own flower type.