Rare sleep disorders list

rare sleep disorders
rare sleep disorders


Apnea (sleep apnea). Insomnia. Narcolepsy. A variety of sleep disorders are all too familiar to most of us. But we’re willing to bet you’ve ever heard of the one that causes you to hear thunderous crashes right before you fall asleep…

Sleep is a delightful blanket of warmth for the majority of us, gently carrying us away to a beautiful dream-world of calm slumber. It’s a Stephen King novel for others. At least, that’s what we’re led to believe by these five strange but so very real sleep disorders.

Warning: This is not a book to read before bed

The syndrome of the exploding head

Hypnagogic (meaning “between awake and sleeping”) auditory hallucinations are one of the more unusual sleep disorders. Sufferers hear things as they go off to sleep. They’re highly loud things in the event of Explosive Head Syndrome, such as shouting, smashing symbols, explosions, and slamming doors.

Sufferers wake up in a panic, but they don’t feel any pain and aren’t in any immediate danger. They do, however, frequently express increasing anxiety and apprehension about falling asleep. Women and the elderly are the most commonly affected by Exploding Head Syndrome. The reason behind this is unknown

Rapid eye movement (REM) 

The sleep cycle is divided into REM (Rapid Eye Movement) or non-REM (Non-Rapid Eye Movement) stages. Our bodies restfully during REM sleep, but our minds remain aware and active. This is when we have our dreams.

The brain delivers erroneous messages to the muscles during REM sleep disorder. As a result, rather than relaxing, people with REM Sleep Problems do the opposite, acting out their dreams. The dramatic episodes usually don’t last long, but they can be abrupt and violent (imagine shouting, kicking, and writhing around), which can be dangerous to patients and their unlucky bedmates.

REM Sleep Disorder is thought to affect mostly men over 50 and those using high-dose antidepressants. What is the reason for this? Unknown as well.

Sleep inertia

Sleep Paralysis is on the other end of a REM sleep disorder range. During REM sleep, the brain sends messages that keep muscles in a condition of paralysis or relaxation, as it should. This is natural, and we’re typically unaware of it, but in a horrifying turn of events, those who suffer from Night Terrors wake up with their body paralyzed.

The physical repercussions of not being able to move or talk are transient, lasting only a few seconds to minutes. The panic that victims experience can persist for a long time, especially if indeed the episodes are accompanied by hallucinations, which they frequently are.

Sleep paralysis, according to reports, can affect anyone. Sleep deprivation, jet lag, drowsiness, changing medications, and certain psychiatric conditions have all been cited as causes.

Kleine-Levin Syndrome (KLS)

This rare neurological disease, often known as Sleeping Beauty Syndrome, takes sleeping in’ to a whole new level. Excessive sleeping periods can last anywhere from 12 to 24 hours at a time and can last for days or even weeks.

It’s difficult to wake them up during the episodes, but once awake, they often exhibit odd behavior such as increased sex drive, binge eating, and even hallucinations. When it’s all said and done, it’s back to normal sleep patterns until the episodes start up again months later, with no warning.

People who suffer frequently live in a constant state of anxiety, fearful that the next time they break asleep, they will trigger another episode.

We understand that there is currently no conclusive cure, however the episodes normally fade away after eight years. Kleine-Levin Syndrome is thought to afflict mostly adolescent boys. The reason behind this is unknown.

Leg twitching syndrome (RLS)

Restless leg syndrome can hit at any time of day, but it is always worse at night, making it difficult to fall asleep.

As they try to fall asleep, victims’ physiology or medicine of pulling, crawling, tingling, prickling, and sometimes pain as they try to fall asleep. During the night, some people feel involuntary jerking motions of their legs. These emotions are frequently intense enough to force sufferers to wake up many times during the night, contributing to other concerns such as insomnia and daytime sleepiness.

RLS, unlike the other illnesses on this list, is said to be substantially treated by identifying and treating the underlying cause. Experts suggest that moving the legs is usually enough to alleviate the sensations.

Restless Leg Syndrome affects 2 to 5% of men and women, according to reports. Low iron, too much coffee, smoking and alcohol, health conditions such as anemia, diabetes, and arthritis, family history, pregnancy, and nerve injury are all mentioned as causes.

The outlook is bleak.

It doesn’t hurt to schedule an appointment with your doctor if you’re having difficulties sleeping or if some of these sleep problems sound all too familiar. They’ll probably ask you questions and do some tests on you, or maybe refer you to a sleep specialist.

A good night’s sleep could be just around the horizon with the help of your doctor and a few terrific specialists.

The medication has a tumultuous history: it was given to women after childbirth in the 1960s to dull their consciousness, according to The New York Times, and an illicit version grabbed headlines in the 1990s as a “date rape” drug.

It’s the first FDA-approved treatment for idiopathic hypersomnia, a condition that causes extreme daytime sleepiness despite a good night’s sleep. The oral medicine is already approved for the treatment of narcolepsy patients aged 7 and up who have excessive daytime drowsiness and sudden loss of muscular tone.

“Idiopathic hypersomnia is a hereditary condition, and the approval of Xya will be critical in treating symptoms like excessive sleepiness and difficulty walking, as well as effectively managing the above debilitating disorder,” said Dr. Eric Bastings, deputy director of the FDA’s Center for Drug Evaluation and Research’s Office of Neuroscience.

The approval was based on a clinical investigation involving 154 adult patients ranging in age from 19 to 75 years old. According to the FDA, participants who were switched off to a placebo had worsening drowsiness and idiopathic hypersomnia symptoms than those who continued to take the medicine.

Nausea (21.4 percent), headache (16.2%), vertigo (11.7 percent), anxiety (10.4%), and vomiting were the most prevalent medication adverse effects (10.4 percent ).

According to the FDA, Xia has a warning label for central nervous system depression as well as abuse and misuse, which can result in significant adverse effects such as seizures, difficulty breathing, changes in alertness, coma, and death.

The medicine is subject to tight prescribing and dispensing controls due to its possible hazards, and it is not available in shops pharmacies. According to the FDA, Xya can only be prescribed by a licensed physician and distributed by a certified pharmacy that ships directly to patients to an enrolled patient.

According to several experts, the evidence supporting the new approval is insufficient. They’re also concerned about the medication’s risks, which are so severe that the label urges consumers to take whilst in bed, according to the New York Times.

According to Dr. Lewis Nelson, head of medical toxicology at Princeton New Jersey Medical School, the substance “has major safety issues, both in terms of its misuse liability and its addictive potential.”

It is critical to get adequate sleep in order to perform properly during the day. However, a variety of factors, such as numerous sleep disorders or simply drinking too much coffee late in the day, can disrupt typical sleep patterns. Use these tips to ensure you receive the rest you require.

This may be beneficial if:

Most evenings, you have difficulties sleeping.

You have a habit of waking up in the middle of the night.

During the day, you are tired, irritated, and grumpy.

What is a typical night’s sleep?

To function optimally, most people require between seven and nine hours of sleep per night. Everyone has evenings when they don’t get enough sleep, especially when they’re sick or anxious. Low energy levels as a result of insufficient sleep, on the other hand, become an issue when they affect your mood, health, focus, learning, and socialising. It’s also risky to drive a car or motorcycle, operate heavy machinery, or care for people when you’re exhausted.

What causes sleep disturbances?

Sleep disturbances are frequently linked to:

  • The abuse of stimulants in excessive doses
  • Asthma, chronic discomfort, and severe allergies are examples of medical issues.
  • Depression, panic attacks, or an anxiety disorder are examples of mental health difficulties.
  • Steroids, diuretics, pain relievers, and cardiac drugs are all examples of pharmaceuticals that can be used
  • Obesity

Sleep problems are classified into several categories.


Insomnia is defined as a pattern of poor sleep quality that persists over time. It could indicate that you are having difficulty falling asleep, or that you have woken up and are unable to return to sleep. It’s a rather prevalent issue, especially among women.

Apnoea (sleep apnea)

Sleep apnoea is a condition in which people stop breathing while sleeping. Other sleep problems are caused by these respiratory abnormalities. Snoring at night and felt extremely exhausted throughout the day are the most obvious indications of sleep apnoea. This illness is quite common yet often goes unnoticed, and males are twice as likely as women to have it.

Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)

While trying to sleep, people with restless legs syndrome (RLS) experience an uncomfortable and tingling sensation in their legs. The tingling generates a strong desire to move the legs, which relieves the discomfort but makes it difficult to fall asleep. People with RLS are frequently exhausted during the day as a result of their sleep interruptions. RLS can begin in early adulthood, but it is more common among adults in their forties and fifties.


Narcolepsy is a sleep condition that causes uncontrollable tiredness during the day. This isn’t the same as nodding off during a dull lecture. It’s caused by a malfunction with the part of the brain that regulates sleep. If you have narcolepsy, you may have uncontrollable periods of sleep, known as “sleep attacks,” while conversing, working, or even driving, independent of how much sleep you got the night before.

Tips to help you sleep better

If you’re having difficulties sleeping, consider the following ideas:

Prevent coffee, tea, and soft drinks after midday to avoid caffeine. At least 30 minutes before bedtime, turn off your television, cellphone, and laptop or tablet. These devices’ brightness can fool your brain into thinking it’s still daylight. Keeping a sleep journal is a good idea. Make a note of when you go to bed and when you wake up. Include information on your mood, as well as any food, drinks, or drugs you consumed before going to bed. After a week or two, try to pinpoint any variables that may have contributed to your lack of sleep.

Professional assistance is available.

If the preceding methods don’t work or you suspect you have a sleep condition, see your doctor, who can:

prescribe sleeping pills, which you will only take for a short time refer you to a sleep clinic where you can be diagnosed with any serious sleep issue

I worry, depression or even other mental health disorders are interfering with your sleep, consult a psychologist or therapist.

What options do I have now?

Learn how to get into a good sleeping habit.

Look up information on the advantages of exercising.



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