Aloe vera is cultivated as a medicinal crop, but it is grown to make beauty products, pickles, vegetables, and juices apart from medicines. Although Aloe Vera is an English name, in Hindi, it is known as Ghritkumari and Gwarpatha. Aloe vera has been cultivated on earth since ancient times and is used in large quantities to make medicines. At present, Aloe Vera is grown in large amounts worldwide. Moreover, Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Rajasthan, Gujarat, and Haryana are the states where Aloe Vera is cultivated commercially.
Suitable Soil for Aloe Vera Cultivation
Fertile soil is required for Aloe Vera cultivation. Apart from this, it can also be grown in hilly and sandy loam soils. Also, the P.H. of the land in its cultivation should be up to 8.5. After choosing the ground, the second step is to choose a quality tractor like Swaraj 855 to prepare the land. It will add more benefits for the farmers by completing tasks with efficiency.
Varieties of Aloe Vera
Many improved varieties of Aloe Vera are available in India, which are grown for higher yields and profits. Therefore, we should plant only a good variety of plants for a good crop of aloe vera. Such types have been described by the Central Medicinal Association Plant Institute, from which we can obtain higher results. The great yielding varieties of Aloe Vera are L-1,2,5, Sim-Sital and 49. These varieties have been prepared, in which the pulp of aloe vera is obtained in maximum quantity.
Aloe vera Field Preparation
Before planting the aloe vera crop in the field, we should prepare its area properly. Roots of aloe vera are found 20 to 30 cm inside the ground. But its plants take nutrients only from the upper surface of the land. Due to this, deep ploughing of its field has to be done. After ploughing, the area is left open like this for some time. After this, two to three slant ploughing is done in the field by applying a rotavator with a quality tractor like New Holland 3630 and others.
After ploughing, about 10 to 15 days old cow dung manure should be mixed well in the soil in one acre of land. An adequate amount of manure is required for its plants to grow well. Moreover, its plants are harvested in a year. It is ploughed by leaving the water to maintain moisture in the field. After a few days, the area is ready for planting.
When and How to Cultivate Aloe Vera
Aloe vera seeds are planted not in the form of seeds but in the condition of seedlings. Its plants are bought from any government registered nursery. While buying its plants, keep in mind that they should be healthy. The purchased plant should be 4 months old, with 4 to 5 leaves. One of the specialities of its plants is that we can plant its uprooted plants even after months.
Apart from this, the right time and method also matter for the excellent yield of its plants. It is considered appropriate to plant it at a distance of 15 cm from the ground to get the result of its plants for a longer time. There must be a distance of 60 cm between the aloe vera plants. Planting the plants at a distance makes it easier to harvest the leaves when they are ready. While planting its plants, the roots are pressed well with the soil. The month of July is considered the most suitable for planting aloe vera plants. Because during this, there is a rainy season, its plants get sufficient moisture, but its cultivation can be done at any time in irrigated places. We should not plant it in the winter season.
Irrigation of Aloe Vera Plants
Aloe vera plants require more irrigation. Therefore, its first irrigation is given immediately after planting its plants. Light irrigation should be done to maintain the moisture in its field, but too much water is harmful to its plants. Its plants can grow comfortably even in a lack of water. At the time of irrigation of plants, keep in mind the erosion of soil. In case of soil erosion, stop it by applying soil at that place. Do not allow water logging in its field during the rainy season. In case of waterlogging, we should remove water from its area.
Diseases & Prevention
Very few diseases are seen in its plants. But sometimes rot and spot disease are seen in the leaves of its plants. To prevent this type of disease, spray an appropriate amount of Mancozeb, Ridomil and Dithane M-45 on the plants.
Harvesting & Marketing
Aloe vera plants are ready for harvesting after 8 months of transplanting. If the soil is less fertile, it takes 10 to 12 months for its plants to become ready. When the leaves of its plants appear fully developed, they should be harvested. After the first harvesting, its plants are ready for the second harvesting after 2 months. More than 11,000 plants can be planted in its one-acre field, giving you a yield of 20 to 25 tons. The market price of aloe vera is 25 to 30 thousand rupees per ton, due to which farmers can easily earn 4 to 5 lakhs from a one-time crop of aloe vera.
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